CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

US Constitutional Amendments

Lately we have been hearing about the repeal of the 14th amendment because of the “citizenship” clause meaning those born in this country automatically are given citizenship

The 14th amendment contains more than the definition of citizenship.  It Defines citizenship, contains Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause and deals with the post-Civil War issues. Below are the 5 “Sections:” of the 14th

  1. Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
  2. Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
  3. Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
  4. Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
  5. Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article

 

My concern is not as much about the change in the definition of birthright to citizenship (which I am concerned about) rather I am very concerned with the fact that the President of the US believes that he can single handedly with the swipe of a pen make changes to our constitution to satisfy his own base and his own personal beliefs.  What will happen to this country of we allow a SINGLE person regardless of their position to make changes that effect the entire basis of our country.  Where will it end?

 

The first 10 amendments make up our Bill of Rights,  Do we want to see these rights stripped from WE THE PEOP:E?  Each of these were ratified by all 13 states on December 15, 1791.

 

1st Amendment: Guarantees the right to the freedoms of speech, press, and religion. Protects the right to petition the government.


2nd Amendment: Guarantees the people’s right to own and bear arms for their defense.


3rd Amendment: Citizens cannot be forced to quarter soldiers during times of peace.


4th Amendment: Citizens cannot be forced to subject themselves to seizure and search without a search warrant and probable cause.


5th Amendment: Prohibits abuse of governmental authority in legal procedures. Establishes rules for indictment by eminent domain and grand jury. Guarantees the due process rights. Protects citizens from self-incrimination and double jeopardy.


6th Amendment: Guarantees fair and speedy jury trial and the rights to know the accusation, the accuser, and to find counsel and witnesses.


7th Amendment: Reserves individuals’ rights to jury trial depending on the civil case, and cases already examined by not be re-opened by another court.


8th Amendment: Forbids exorbitant bails and fines and punishment that is unusual or cruel.


9th Amendment: Reserves the rights of citizens which are not specifically mentioned by the U.S. Constitution.


10th Amendment: Reserves powers that are not given to the U.S. government under the Constitution, nor prohibited to a State of the U.S., to the people and the States.

 

BEYOND the 10 Amendments we have an additional 17 Amendments.  What happens if HE decides he only wants White Men to have the right to vote…will he be allowed to negate the 15th and the 19th Amendments that will strip the voting rights of people of color and women?  I know that this sounds a bit farfetched but when we allow a single person to falsely claim that he can change OUR Constitution with an Executive Order and we don’t stand up and demand a FULL Retraction of such rhetoric we are giving our permission.  Remember that our constitution gives us the right of freedom of speech (with some exception).  As a member of the NH State-Federal and Veterans Affairs committee I have had a front row seat to those who want to dismantle our constitution from repealing the 17th Amendment that gave you and I the right to elect our 2 US Senators.  Prior to the 17th Amendment the State’s House of Representative would select the US Senator.  If they could not agree on who should be selected the State went without Senate Representation. Again where will it end?  I have put a link to the list of Constitutional Amendments with links to more details and also listed each Amendment.  While we may not all agree on all of the Amendments we need to respect the basis and the history behind each of those amendments.   Remember that the 22nd Amendment sets Presidential Term limits.  While I don’t agree with the 12th Amendment in it’s entirety I would never ask for the repeal of it.  The 12th Amendment changed how our Vice President is elected.  Prior to June 15, 1804 the VP was the runner up to the Presidency which to me makes sense.  However, as the VP was considered “too important: to a single party as the position assumes the Presidency if anything happens to the elected President…

 

With each passing day I truly become more and more concerned that the voice of WE THE PEOPLE is being more and more stifled.  Speak out each day but I ask that you do with an informed and kind voice.   Be informed and please read and listen to more than one source of information/news.

 

11th Amendment: State sovereign immunity. States are protected from suits by citizens living in another state or foreigners that do not reside within the state borders. Ratified: Feb. 7, 1795


12th Amendment: Modifies and clarifies the procedure for electing vice-presidents and presidents.


13th Amendment: Except as punishment for criminal offense, forbids forced-slavery and involuntary servitude.


14th Amendment: Details Equal Protection Clause, Due Process Clause, Citizenship Clause, and clauses dealing with the Confederacy and its officials.


15th Amendment: Reserves citizens the suffrage rights regardless of their race, color, or previous slave status.


16th Amendment: Reserves the U.S. government the right to tax income.


17th Amendment: Establishes popular voting as the process under which senators are elected.


18th Amendment: Denies the sale and consumption of alcohol.


19th Amendment: Reserves women’s suffrage rights.


20th Amendment: also known as the “lame duck amendment,” establishes date of term starts for Congress (January 3) & the President (January 20).


21st Amendment: Details the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment. State laws over alcohol are to remain.


22nd Amendment: Limit the terms that an individual can be elected as president (at most two terms). Individuals who have served over two years of someone else’s term may not be elected more than once.


23rd Amendment: Reserves the right of citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for their own Electors for presidential elections.


24th Amendment: citizens cannot be denied the suffrage rights for not paying a poll tax or any other taxes.


25th Amendment: establishes the procedures for a successor of a President.


26th Amendment: Reserves the right for citizens 18 and older to vote.


27th Amendment: Denies any laws that vary the salaries of Congress members until the beginning of the next terms of office for Representatives.